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Who should get the COVID-19 vaccine first?

Coronavirus vaccine concept (stock image). Credit: © Dmytro S / stock.adobe.com When effective COVID-19 vaccines are developed, their supply will inevitably be scarce. The World Health Organization (WHO), global leaders, and vaccine producers are already facing the question of how to appropriately allocate them across countries. And while there is vocal commitment to "fair and…

Disaster recovery requires rebuilding livelihoods

Residents in the vicinity of the Wolong Nature Reserve in their new housing development, closer to the main road, after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake made mountain living unsafe. Credit: Michigan State University Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability The short-term losses people suffer when natural disasters strike can turn into long-term poverty if reconstruction policies…

Youth violence lower in countries with complete ban on corporal punishment

Corporal punishment is linked to youth violence. Credit: © andranik123 / Fotolia A study published today in the BMJ Open shows that in countries where there is a complete ban on all corporal punishment of children there is less fighting among young people. There was 31% less physical fighting in young men and 42% less…

Flint, Michigan lead crisis should have buried the city in water...

Through discovering how emergency response groups successfully recycled millions of bottles during the Flint lead crisis, Purdue University researchers recommend several ways that the same could be accomplished with advanced planning for future drinking water disasters. Credit: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality photo/Matt Flechter One hundred thousand residents of Flint, Michigan could only use water…

Video-based ethics program increases moral awareness, study finds

A selection of video title slides from the new Ethics Unwrapped series "Scandals Unwrapped." Credit: Courtesy the McCombs School of Business of the University of Texas at Austin Ethics Unwrapped, a video-based behavioral ethics curriculum created at The University of Texas at Austin and adopted by educational institutions around the world, effectively increases student understanding…

Understanding the social dynamics that cause cooperation to thrive, or fail

Despite their reputation, spotted hyenas are often cooperative animals, dwelling in large groups and assisting one another during hunts. Penn biologist Erol Akçay modeled a theoretical social group to show how cooperation can arise or collapse. Credit: Amiyaal Ilany Examples of cooperation abound in nature, from honeybee hives to human families. Yet it's also easy…

How should autonomous vehicles be programmed?

This is an example of a situation proposed on the Moral Machine platform. Credit: Edmond Awad et al. Nature. A massive new survey developed by MIT researchers reveals some distinct global preferences concerning the ethics of autonomous vehicles, as well as some regional variations in those preferences. The survey has global reach and a unique…

Should ethics or human intuition drive the moral judgments of driverless...

A car can swerve to avoid hitting a motorcycle but in doing so endangers other lives. How should it be programmed to behave? Credit: © Buffaloboy / Fotolia When faced with driving dilemmas, people show a high willingness to sacrifice themselves for others, make decisions based on the victim's age and swerve onto sidewalks to…

The secret life of lobster (trade): Could we be in hot...

New research shows that the Asian market for lobster -- particularly in China -- appears to be considerably larger than previously thought. Credit: Photo courtesy of Josh Stoll In a paper published in Frontiers in Marine Science, researchers, including lead author Joshua Stoll of the University of Maine School of Marine Sciences and the Mitchell…

Urbanization may hold key to tiger survival

A first-of-its-kind analysis overlays human population scenarios with the fate of tigers. Credit: TSFD/WCS-India/HyTiCoS A new WCS-led study published in the journal Biological Conservation says the future of tigers in Asia is linked to the path of demographic transition -- for humans. The study marks the first-of-its-kind analysis that overlays human population scenarios with the…

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